Date: 19 - 21 March 2024 | Accra International Conference Center

Market Scenario


  • In 2020, food imports for Ghana were USD 2.7Bn approx. accounting to 17.1% roughly of the total imports during the year, Though Ghana food imports fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to increase through 2000 - 2020 period.
  • In Ghana, population growth is increasing, bringing with it, a sharp expansion of the country’s middle class. More than half (51%) of the population live in urban areas, a figure that is expected to increase by 3.1% per annum in the coming years.
  • This new trend in economic and demographic shifts has had interesting influence on the dietary preferences of Ghanaian consumers - The preference for processed foods. Given time, demand and need for convenience, the growing middle-class consumers are prioritizing diversity, nutrition and safety in their food purchases, resulting in the increased demand for healthy ready-to-eat meals and processed products.
  • Despite the growing demand from consumers, Ghana’s food processing sector remain largely underdeveloped. Although one would find a retail shop stocked with vast variety of processed foods, only a small percentage of the food consumed in Ghana are processed locally. The reality is that Ghana’s processing industry remains low in capacity, with a wide gap that is filled by imports.
  • Although poultry produce is the most affordable source of protein in Ghana, the sector is faced by its own challenges and opportunities. Despite the rise in consumption of poultry meat, the growth in demand does not benefit local producers as there is a huge gap that is filled by imports.
  • Rice is one of the major food staples consumed in Ghana, but the production is way behind its actual consumption requirements. In 2017 Ghana produced 721,610 tons of rice but consumption, at 1.3Mn tones, far outstripped it and left a deficit of 580,300 tones. In 2020 the rice demand in the country is estimated to be 1.5Mn tones.
  • In Ghana, 70% of the domestic consumption represents fruit & vegetable market. Vegetable consumption in Ghana is still relatively small but is expanding rapidly. Most important vegetables are tomato, pepper (both sweet and hot chilies), onion, and okra and their market and production has boomed recently.
  • Despite being agriculture-centric, Ghana is not able to cater to its own domestic demands and has to import large number of crops to satisfy its domestic needs. Cereal crops are the most imported commodity in Ghana, and among them, rice and wheat are the leading imports.
  • Rice and cereals is the largest imported food commodity in Ghana touching USD 581Mn imports in 2020 – almost one-fifth of the Ghanaian food importation meeting the country’s deficit rice demand. Other major food items include meat, fats & oils, confectionery sugar and processed food items
  • Vietnam is the largest supplier of food items to Ghana with over 14% share in Ghanaian food imports, followed by Canada, Belgium, China, Malaysia, USA, Russia. Thailand Vietnam India and Pakistan are the largest rice suppliers to Ghana.
  • Rising middle class population has attributed very much on the growing demand for processed food items in Ghana which is largely met by imports, evidently the processed food items and edible preparations constitute about 50% of the food importation of Ghana.


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